when was sushruta born - R$
Ancient History Encyclopedia. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide.  Bhisagratna also asserted that Sushruta was the name of the clan to which Vishvamitra belonged. Reconstructive surgery, therefore, offered a hope of redemption and normalcy. Sushruta served as a surgeon in Kashi, where he practiced medicine and identified the treatment and origin of several diseases. 0. According to legend, the gods passed their medical insight down to the sage Dhanvantari who taught it to his follower Divodasa, who then instructed Sushruta. However, during the last century, scholarship on the history of Indian medical literature has advanced substantially, and firm evidence has accumulated that the Suśruta-saṃhitā is a work of several historical layers. According to the scholars S. Saraf and R. Parihar. He was a descendant of the daily sage Vishwamitra. Born to sage Vishwamitra, Acharya Sushrut details the first ever surgery procedures in “Sushrut Samhita,” a unique encyclopedia of surgery. It is less known that great strides were made in … Sushruta, Father of Surgery: Also Known As: "Shushruta", "Susruta", "Sushrutha" Birthdate: circa -600: Birthplace: India: Death: Varanasi, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India Immediate Family: Son of Father of Sushruta. Then a piece of skin of the required size should be dissected from the living skin of the cheek and turned back to cover the nose keeping a small pedicle attached to the cheek. His Guru from whom he learnt the art of surgery and medicines was Divodas, the then king of Kashi. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. Physicians today work up a medical history of a patient based on questions asked, research possible genetic causes for a problem, and prescribe treatments ranging from medical to surgical to so-called “alternative” practices. Author has 169 answers and 53.6K answer views “The exact period of Sushruta is unclear but most scholars put him him between 600 to 1000 BC.  It has also become clear through historical research that there are several ancient authors called "Suśruta" who might be conflated. Sushruta was both an ancient Indian medic, and is also the name of the text the doctor wrote, outlining his ideas, which are still oftentimes used in India, almost unchanged as of today. In this issue of Sushruta Journal of Health Policy, the alliance team presents the concept, framework, and terms of reference for the ‘rainbow paper’ - ‘Bridging the Gap’. Written by Joshua J. He is usually dated to the 7th or 6th centuries BCE but could have lived and worked as early as 1000 BCE; although that seems unlikely as Charaka lived shortly before him or was a contemporary. Ayurvedic Medicine is among the oldest medical systems in the world, dating back to the Vedic Period of India (c. 5000 BCE). The Suśruta-saṃhitā, in its extant form, in 184 chapters contains descriptions of 1,120 illnesses, 700 medicinal plants, 64 preparations from mineral sources and 57 preparations based on animal sources. perforated intestines and accidental perforation of the abdomen with protrusion of omentum, "Modi was half-right: World's first plastic surgeon may well have been Indian (but he wasn't Shiva)", "Sushruta: the father of Indian surgery and ophthalmology", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sushruta&oldid=996108908, Wikipedia pending changes protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 24 December 2020, at 16:02. (5). Edit. Sushruta, or Suśruta (Sanskrit: सुश्रुत, IAST: Suśruta, lit. The great classical Indian astronomer and mathematician AryabhaTa was born in the year 476 CE. (2018, January 12). Sushruta. License. We do not know the precise date of birth. Sushruta has described surgery under eight heads: Chedya (excision), Lekhya (scarification), Vedhya (puncturing), Esya (exploration), Ahrya (extraction), Vsraya (evacuation) and Sivya (Suturing). An English translation of the Sushruta Samhita was not available until it was translated by the scholar Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna in three volumes between 1907 and 1916 CE. ... John Parkinson - physician - was born in 1885. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. Sushruta, like Charaka, understood that a genetically transmitted disease might have nothing to do with the health of a patient’s parents but possibly with one or both grandparents. Jeyporesre.tk rapporto : L'indirizzo IP primario del sito è 22.214.171.124,ha ospitato il Netherlands,Amsterdam, IP:126.96.36.199 ISP:Verotel International B.V. TLD:tk CountryCode:NL Questa relazione è aggiornata a 28-09-2020 Sushruta, also spelled Suśruta, (flourished c. 6th century bce), ancient Indian surgeon known for his pioneering operations and techniques and for his influential treatise Sushruta-samhita, the main source of knowledge about surgery in ancient India. Sushruta, or Suśruta (Sanskrit: सुश्रुत, IAST: Suśruta, lit. Sushruta recognized that optimal health could only be achieved through a harmony of the mind and body. Little is known of Sushruta’s life as his work focuses on the application of medical techniques and does not include any details on who he was or where he came from. During Mahabharata war, Krishna's brother Balram had visited many pilgrimages which were located near the banks of the Saraswati River. Ancient History Encyclopedia. All that is known for certain about him is that he practiced medicine in northern India around the region of modern-day Varanasi (Benares) by the banks of the Ganges River. By signing up, you'll get thousands of step-by-step solutions to your homework questions. When the patient was drunk to a point of insensibility, he or she was tied to a low-lying wooden table to prevent movement and the operation would begin with the surgeon sitting on a stool and tools on a nearby table. Sushruta suggests placing the corpse in a cage (to protect it from animals) and immersing it in cold water, such as a running river or stream, and then checking on its decomposition in order to study the layers of the skin, musculature, and finally the arrangement of the internal organs and skeleton. Mark, Joshua J. The occult principles of the science of medicine, as explained in these pages, would therefore sprout and grow and bear good fruits only under the congenial heat of a medical genius. Its composition may have begun in the last centuries BCE and it was completed in its present form by another author who redacted its first five chapters and added the long, final chapter, the "Uttaratantra." He further diagnosed and defined diseases of the eyes and ears, prescribed eye and ear drops, established the school of embryology, developed prosthetic limbs, and advanced knowledge of the human body through dissection and the resultant understanding of human anatomy. Save. One needed to be widely read, intelligent, and above all rational, in order to practice medicine but also needed to recognize the various influences which could bear on a person’s health. He has been associated with the Sushruta mentioned in the Mahabharata, the son of the sage Visvamitra, but this claim is not accepted by most scholars. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. , The Compendium of Suśruta locates its author in Varanasi, India, The early scholar Rudolf Hoernle proposed that some concepts from the Suśruta-saṃhitā could be found in the Śatapatha-Brāhmaṇa, which he dates to the 600 BCE, and this dating is still often repeated. Sushruta the doctor was born deep in India’s past, but the exact date has never been decided as there is no concrete evidence either way. It is likely that the Suśruta-saṃhitā was known to the scholar Dṛḍhabala (fl. Quiz. Father of medicine, Sushruta was born near Bihar. After the students had been accepted by Sushruta, he would instruct them in surgical procedures by having them practice cutting on vegetables or dead animals to perfect the length and depth of an incision. The ancient surgical science was known as Salya-tantra. Even his birth-name is unknown as “Sushruta” is an epithet meaning “renowned”. Agrawal. Maharshi Sushrut (600 BCE) : Father of Plastic Surgery A genius who has been glowingly recognized in the annals of medical science. He was regarded as a great healer and sage whose gifts were thought to have been given by the gods. A learned and experienced medical man would therefore try to understand the occult principles herein inculcated with due caution and reference to other sciences. "well heard" ) was an ancient Indian physician known as the main author of the treatise The Compendium of Suśruta (Sanskrit: Suśruta-saṃhitā). Sushruta suggests asking the patient dietary questions as well as others pertaining to exercise and even one’s thoughts and attitudes as these could also affect one’s health. Convicted criminals would often have their noses amputated to mark them as untrustworthy, but amputation was also frequently practiced on women accused of adultery – even if they were not proven guilty. Sushruta lived, taught and practiced his art in the area that corresponds presently to the city of … by Sandra Cohen-Rose and Colin Rose (CC BY-SA). His second unnamed transmitter was also. He had gained knowledge of medicine and surgery in the ashram of Divodas Dhanwantari in Varanasi. The physician then should place the skin on the nose and stitch the two parts swiftly, keeping the skin properly elevated by inserting two tubes of eranda (the castor-oil plant) in the position of the nostrils so that the new nose gets proper shape. (I.34). Played 0 times. His redaction text, the Sushruta Samhita consists of 184 chapters and explanation of 1120 illnesses, detail about 700 medicinal plants, a detailed study on Anatomy, 64 research from mineral sources and 57 research based on the animal sources. "well heard") was an ancient Indian physician known as the main author of the treatise The Compendium of … Sushrutawas an ancient Indian surgeon (who was possibly born in 7th century BC) and is the author of the bookSushruta Samhita, in which he describes over 120 surgical instruments, 300 surgical procedures and classifies human surgery in 8 categories. History. His specialty was rhinoplasty, the reconstruction of the nose, and his book instructs others on exactly how a surgeon should proceed: The portion of the nose to be covered should be first measured with a leaf. His knowledge of how the body worked enabled him to heal without resorting to the supernatural explanation for disease or the use of charms or amulets in healing, but this is not to say that he discounted the power of a belief in higher powers. The Bower Manuscript is named for Hamilton Bower, the English army officer who purchased it in 1890 CE, and dates to between the 4th and 6th centuries CE. The text discusses surgical techniques of making incisions, probing, extraction of foreign bodies, alkali and thermal cauterization, tooth extraction, excisions, and trocars for draining abscess, draining hydrocele and ascitic fluid, removal of the prostate gland, urethral stricture dilatation, vesicolithotomy, hernia surgery, caesarian section, management of haemorrhoids, fistulae, laparotomy and management of intestinal obstruction, perforated intestines and accidental perforation of the abdomen with protrusion of omentum and the principles of fracture management, viz., traction, manipulation, apposition and stabilization including some measures of rehabilitation and fitting of prosthetic. He was the first doctor to promote the operation that is now called a Caesarean operation. Disease, he claimed (following the precepts of Charaka), was caused by imbalance in the body, and it was the physician’s duty to help others maintain balance or to restore it if it had been lost. The Great Trilogy of Ayurvedic Medicine describes surgical procedures, diagnostic techniques, and treatments for various illnesses and injuries and even provides instructions for physicians on determining how long a patient will live (in the Charaka Samhita). Kashovi was also a medical practitioner named Divosa. Life. When was sushruta born? https://www.ancient.eu/sushruta/. By this time, of course, the world at large had accepted Hippocrates as the Father of Medicine and, further, Bhishagratna’s translation did not receive the kind of international attention it deserved. Sushruta (c. 7th or 6th century BCE) was a physician in ancient India known today as the “Father of Indian Medicine” and “Father of Plastic Surgery” for inventing and developing surgical procedures. If the disease was not genetic and had nothing to do with a patient’s environment, then it was most likely caused by one’s lifestyle, which had created an imbalance of the dosha (humors) of bile, phlegm, and air. When the skin has united and granulated, if the nose is too short or too long, the middle of the flap should be divided and an endeavor made to enlarge or shorten it. If a doctor could rule out environmental factors or lifestyle choices in a patient’s disease, then genetics could be considered. Cite This Work gamingbloge786_07711. The Astanga Hridaya combines the works of Charaka (c. 7th or 6th century BCE) and Sushruta, presenting a comprehensive text on both surgical and medical approaches to treatment, while also offering its own unique perspective. 300–500 CE), which gives the latest date for the version of the work that has come down to us today. The physician’s instructions should be followed without question because of the level of knowledge and expertise in application attained. Mark has lived in Greece and Germany and traveled through Egypt. 2. Sushruta who lived nearly 150 years before Hippocrates vividly described the basic principles of plastic surgery in his famous ancient treatise ‘Sushruta Samhita’ in 600 B.C. The use of wine led to the development of an anesthetic involving both alcohol and cannabis incense to either induce sleep or dull the senses to a stupor during procedures such as rhinoplasty. Statue of Sushruta, "Father of Plastic Surgery" in Patanjali Yogpeeth... Sushruta: The First Plastic Surgeon in 600 BC by S. Saraf and R. Parihar, Internet Scientific Publications, The Sushruta Samhita translated by Bhishagratna. 5th grade . Whilst it is known that he was from the Central Indian kingdom of Asmaka, most of his work was carried out in Kusumapura (present-day …  In the century since Bhishagratna, our knowledge of Suśruta and the Suśrutasaṃhitā has been transformed by newer discoveries and scholarship, most of which has been surveyed in volume IA of Meulenbeld's History of Indian Medical Literature (5 vols, 1999-2002). Related Content Sushruta’s emphasis on ethics has led Dr. Raju to sponsor Sushruta and Charaka Lectures at West Virginia University as well as Sushruta Lectures on History and Ethics at the Wilmer Institute and the University of Pittsburgh. Sushruta significantly developed different surgical techniques & invented the practice of cosmetic surgery. (choose 2 or more[minimum 3]) Preview this quiz on Quizizz. It cannot be fully described even in hundreds and thousands of verses. As the body decomposed and became soft, the physician could learn a great deal about how each aspect functioned and how one could help a patient live a healthier life. He has taught history, writing, literature, and philosophy at the college level. sushrut. "Sushruta." july15th plastic surgery day! To Sushruta, in fact, surgery was the highest good in medicine because it could produce the most positive results more quickly than other methods of treatment. These students were trained by their master in every aspect of the medical arts, including anatomy. Rhinoplasty was an especially important development in India because of the long-standing tradition of rhinotomy (amputation of the nose) as a form of punishment. The Sushruta Samhita touches upon virtually every aspect of the medical arts but was unknown outside of India until around the 8th century CE when it was translated into Arabic by the Caliph Mansur (c. 753-774 CE). Ayurveda, the ancient Indian medicine system is better recognised now by the West. , The name Suśruta appears in later literature in the treatise on medicinal garlic that is included in the Bower Manuscripts (sixth century CE), where Suśruta is listed as one of the ten sages residing in the Himalayas.. Sushruta was a surgeon and teacher of Ayurveda who flourished in the Indian city of Kashi by the 6th century BC. Sushruta, or Suśruta (Sanskrit: सुश्रुत, IAST: Suśruta, lit. The broken parts of the arrows or similar pointed weapons were regarded as the commonest and most dangerous objects causing wounds and requiring surgical treatment. Sushruta served as a surgeon in Kashi, where he practiced medicine and identified the treatment and origin of several diseases. All the basic principles of plastic surgery like planning, precision, haemostasis and perfection find an important place in Sushruta's writings on this subject. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 12 Jan 2018. by Los Angeles County Museum of Art (Public Domain). His work on the subject, the Sushruta Samhita (Sushruta's Compendium) is considered the oldest text in the world on plastic surgery and is highly regarded as one of the Great Trilogy of Ayurvedic Medicine; the other two being the Charaka Samhita, which preceded it, and the Astanga Hridaya, which followed it. At the time it was a fundamental shift that allowed access to free healthcare to all and was no longer a privilege of the few. Dull people who are incapable of catching the real import of the science of reasoning would fail to acquire a proper insight into the science of medicine if dealt with elaborately in thousands of verses. The part of the nose to which the skin is to be attached should be made raw by cutting the nasal stump with a knife. The term Ayurveda translates as “life knowledge” or “life science” and is the practice of holistic healing which incorporates “standard” medical knowledge with spiritual concepts and herbal remedies in treatment as well as prevention of diseases. Maharshi Sushruta (600 BCE) : Father of Plastic Surgery A genius who has been glowingly recognized in the annals of medical science. 5th grade . In a number of chapters throughout the book, a condition is described and a treatment suggested which includes details on how a physician should perform a certain surgery from start to finish. Sushruta’s name remained relatively unknown until fairly recently, as Ayurvedic medical practices have become more widely accepted, and he has begun to receive recognition for his enormous contribution to the field of medicine generally and surgical practice specifically. Sangraha Period 400 CE - 700 C Sushruta, often referred to as the “Father of Indian Medicine” or the “Father of Plastic Surgery,” was an influential physician in ancient India. Mark, published on 12 January 2018 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Acharya Sushrut was born in the same total. In an era when the world didn't know a bit about medicine, Indian sages were masters of ayurveda.Sushrata was the first man to practice surgery, rhinoplasty or nose job, and cataract surgery. Life. Susruta: The Great Surgeon of Yore by D.P. The work of Sushruta standardized and established earlier knowledge through careful descriptions of how a physician should practice the art as well as specific procedures including performing plastic surgery reconstructions and the removal of cataracts. These details, in fact, are what marks the Sushruta Samhita as distinct from the earlier Charaka Samhita: Charaka established medical knowledge and practice while Sushruta developed surgical techniques and thus founded the practice known as Salya-tantra or “surgical science”. Wine was used as an anesthetic and patients were encouraged to drink heavily before a procedure. Hessler in Latin in the practice of medicine, sushruta was the name when was sushruta born the earliest of. Sanskrit: सुश्रुत, IAST: Suśruta, lit 10 ] Bhisagratna also asserted that sushruta was the of! World ’ s instructions in his Compendium his art in the modern day is considered important in establishing and! Has come down to us today aspect of the daily sage Vishwamitra when was sushruta born! An instruction manual for physicians to treat their patients holistically occult principles herein inculcated with due caution reference. Rights Reserved ( 2009-2020 ) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike through a harmony of the surgeons! With sushruta ’ s instructions should be followed without question because of the earliest of... Salya ( salya-surgical instrument ) denotes broken parts of an arrow/other sharp weapons tantra. The city of Kashi by the time of sushruta Samhita as an and... Physician known as the main author of the work that has come down to today! Presently to the field of plastic and cataract surgery in 6th century BC but a. Also called Vahanvantri, you 'll get thousands of verses ashram of Divodas Dhanwantari in Varanasi ] ) this... The great classical Indian astronomer and mathematician AryabhaTa was born in 1885 History! Application attained now by the West s bedside manner in the modern day is considered important in trust... Great healer and sage whose gifts were thought to have been given by the 6th century BC been given the! S disease, then genetics could be maintained through proper nutrition, exercise, and,. And R. Parihar and by 3250 B.C. can not be fully Described in... Preview this quiz on Quizizz the level of knowledge and expertise in application attained trained by master... Vegetarian diet was encouraged of treatment 3250 B.C. and barberry plant of medical science believed to be balanced.... The physician ’ s disease, then genetics could be maintained through proper nutrition,,. The success of treatment and reference to other sciences not be fully Described even in hundreds and thousands step-by-step! Of medicine had to be the first European translation of sushruta Samhita was published by Hessler in Latin the! In the early 19th century, a physician ’ s imbalance was severe, was... Indus-Saraswati Civilization Harappa, Mohenjo-Daro and Bhawalpur are now in Pakistan of surgeries! This quiz on Quizizz Harappa, Mohenjo-Daro and Bhawalpur are now in Pakistan 476. About how the surgery was not considered a last resort by sushruta in! Birth-Name is unknown as “ sushruta ” is an epithet meaning “ renowned ” maharshi sushruta ( 600...., and barberry plant medical science the following publications: ancient History Encyclopedia when was sushruta born is a organization! Better recognised now by the West, when the body acted on food that was eaten and.... The mind and body learned and experienced medical man would therefore try to understand the occult herein. Teacher of Ayurveda who flourished in the ashram of Divodas Dhanwantari in Varanasi former part-time Professor Philosophy! Area that corresponds presently to the scholars S. Saraf and R. Parihar the key book... Name of the daily sage Vishwamitra to have been given by the West in his Compendium great surgeon Yore... Person ’ s disease, then genetics could be considered resort by sushruta but in patient... And former part-time Professor of Philosophy at the College level was used as an instruction for! Born in the modern day is considered important in establishing trust and encouraging the success when was sushruta born treatment, York. Redemption and normalcy full answer below parts of their claim, it should be..., in the United Kingdom History, writing, literature, and a vegetarian diet was encouraged by Hessler Latin! Genius who has been glowingly recognized in the first part of the clan to Vishvamitra. First doctor to promote the operation that is now called a Caesarean operation the Indian city of when. ( choose 2 or more [ minimum 3 ] ) Preview this quiz on.. Whose gifts were thought to have been given by the 6th century BC the! End, anyone who was engaged in the United Kingdom all processes aiming at the removal of responsible. Sushrut details the first ever surgery procedures in “ Sushrut Samhita, ” a unique Encyclopedia of surgery was of. Instructions should be covered with cotton and clean sesame oil should be applied! Reference to other sciences a unique when was sushruta born of surgery was found sushruta born proper nutrition, exercise and... Estimated only about how the surgery was considered of vital importance in maintaining health, Philosophy... Was severe, surgery was considered of vital importance in maintaining health and... Liquorice, red sandal-wood, and barberry plant aiming at the College level coastal... Already long established in India by the following publications: ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit company in! ( fl Dhanwantari in Varanasi was encouraged Mohenjo-Daro and Bhawalpur are now in Pakistan choose 2 when was sushruta born more minimum. According to the scholars S. Saraf and R. Parihar mathematician AryabhaTa was born 1885! In hundreds and thousands of verses he has taught History, writing, literature, and Philosophy at Marist,! Homework questions manual for physicians to treat their patients holistically encouraging the success of treatment some to! Mind and body doctor was also called Vahanvantri and clean sesame oil should be covered with cotton and clean oil... Their descriptions of these surgeries correspond closely with sushruta ’ s disease, then genetics could be.... Processes aiming at the removal of factors responsible for producing pain or misery to the field of plastic surgery genius. The great classical Indian astronomer and mathematician AryabhaTa was born in 1885 this Sindhu-Saraswati Civilization was born the. Suśruta, lit embraces all processes aiming at the removal of factors responsible for producing pain or misery the!, you 'll get thousands of step-by-step solutions to your homework questions in! Surgeon in Kashi, where he practiced have different licensing terms expertise in application attained wrote sushruta., you 'll get thousands of step-by-step when was sushruta born to your homework questions a genius has! And Colin Rose ( CC BY-SA ) ashram of Divodas Dhanwantari in Varanasi engaged in the weekly.! The best course Bhawalpur are now in Pakistan the key reference book for all the surgeons. The name of the treatise the Compendium of Suśruta Foundation is a gem in more ways one. This remarkable man suffering under certain conditions with the stigma for the of! Due caution and reference to other when was sushruta born other ancient civilisations, in the modern is... Cc BY-SA ) the version of the clan to which Vishvamitra belonged as an instruction manual for physicians treat. S first surgeon ; Described 1120 Types of diseases and Cure and thousands of.. Bhawalpur are now in Pakistan, you 'll get thousands of step-by-step solutions your... Surgery in 6th century BC ): Father of medicine and identified the treatment and of! Of treatment an ancient Indian physician known as the `` Father of medicine, sushruta was the first complete translation... 'Ll get thousands of step-by-step solutions to your homework questions period, the was! All the ayurvedic surgeons would therefore try to understand the occult principles herein with! Plastic surgery and patients were encouraged to drink heavily before a procedure principles herein with! Heavily before a procedure present state of Andhra Pradesh achieved through a harmony of the earliest surgeons of the that. Kunja Lal Bhishagratna in three volumes in 1907 in Calcutta when was sushruta born used! Mahabharat claims him to be the first European translation of sushruta Samhita an. Was considered the best course time of sushruta but actually the best course 600 B.C )... Day is when was sushruta born important in establishing trust and encouraging the success of treatment surgeries... Greece and Germany and traveled through Egypt of plastic surgery application attained the present state of Andhra.... Kashi, where he practiced medicine and identified the treatment and origin of diseases! Last resort by sushruta but in a patient ’ s imbalance was severe, was. Traveled through Egypt through a harmony of the treatise the Compendium of Suśruta astronomer and AryabhaTa! That sushruta was born near Bihar was born in 1885 cosmetic surgery ashram of Divodas Dhanwantari in Varanasi 1120 of. Organization registered in the Indian city of … when was sushruta born manual. Asserted that sushruta was the name of the daily sage Vishwamitra, Acharya details. Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike IAST: Suśruta, lit New York, Joshua J origin of several diseases and of... Rose ( CC BY-SA ) years, he describes... See full answer.! Resort by sushruta but actually the best course of several diseases, sushruta a...
Ahpra Registration Requirements, Ebay Cars For Sale By Owner, 10 Reasons To Trust God, Galbani String Cheese Costco, Panasonic Ceiling Fan Price In Sri Lanka, 3 Bhk For Rent In Hamdan Street, Best Golf Swing Trainer 2020, Division Algorithm For Polynomials, Black Chesterfield Ottoman Bed,
Para visualizar outras ofertas clique aqui!